Category: Research

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The Second Crusade: The Sins of the Sons

After the success of the First Crusade, western Christendom had successfully established a presence in the Levant. By 1109, four major Latin states were under their crusaders’ control: the Principality of Antioch, the County of Edessa, the County of Tripoli, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was from these states...

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Abraham Lincoln: The Lawyer Who Changed America

Spoiler Alert: The following will discuss important parts of the biographical film Lincoln (2012) The Battle of Jenkins’ Ferry on April 30th, 1864 is the opening for Lincoln (2012). Director Steven Spielberg uses the following scene to set the tone for the rest of the film as we see Corporal...

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Cleaning house: the German expulsion from postwar Poland and the consolidation of communist rule

As part of the more general dismemberment of the former German Reich at the end of the Second World War, several eastern German territories (East Prussia and Upper Silesia, along with most of Lower Silesia and parts of Brandenburg and Pomerania) were transferred to Poland by the Potsdam agreements of...

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Third Reich Feminism: Girls’ education in the Nazi period

German girls’ educational and life choices in Nazi Germany are controversial; while Nazi propaganda depicted girls and women in roles of motherhood, girls and young women lived much freer lives than in earlier decades. Although girls’ education was hit hard by the Great Depression, and education was greatly feminised to...

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The First Crusade: A Beginning in 1095

Preceded by a visit from Byzantine officials, Pope Urban II set out to launch a holy expedition into the East. The historiography that surrounds this expedition attests to the reach of its conclusion: the capture of Jerusalem in 1099. But was this Urban’s sole motivation or did he have underlying reasons for launching the crusade?

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The resonance of ruins: postwar German rubble discourse in the Trümmerzeit

The Trümmerzeit, or ‘rubble era’, is a term used in German historiography to define that period of ‘“sluggish and murky transitions”’ between the collapse of the Third Reich and Germany’s subsequent division during the Cold War. Germany was intact for the present, and its history and fate were still considered those...

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The Crusades: A Historiographical Evolution

The Crusades were extraordinary events: armed pilgrimages sent to conquer and defend the Holy Land in the name of Christ. Many Western European nations can identify with the crusading movement. England boasts much of King Richard the Lionheart and his strong leadership of the Third Crusade. The Crusade of 1197...

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Who saved the Jews of Bulgaria from the Nazis?

During the Nazi occupation in World War Two, alongside Denmark and Finland, Bulgaria successfully prevented the deportation of its Jewish population. As Bulgaria became more closely allied with Germany, the Nazis gave orders to organise the deportation of Jews from the region. Although plans were partially fulfilled, following civil and...

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Blog Launch – A Multidisciplinary History Blog Project

On Wednesday, December 10, the HTTP (History to the Public) blog was officially launched during our first meeting at UCL. Together as a team, we finally met each other face-to-face and began to discuss our goals for this project. As students from various countries, disciplines, backgrounds, and universities we hope...